Eugénie: The Empress and her Empire
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All these inconsistencies were to be righted more than a decade later, in an utmost detail, by Panter and Mayer. She further writes that, after leaving France at the time of the revolution, he did not return until , which is once again highly erroneous, as there is definite evidence that he resumed his portraits practice in Paris late in Last but not least, the exhibition catalogue has to be commended for the inclusion of the most detailed provenance and bibliographic information with every catalogue entry that would furnish any burgeoning or seasoned researcher with a wealth of primary and early twentieth-century publications on art and its patronage during the Second Empire.
Thursday, 5 July One of the quirks of writing a doctoral thesis is the requirement to show your knowledge and awareness of recent publications within your area of study. This stipulation can be rather ironic, especially when older, primary sources are by far more detailed, knowledgeable and accurate compared to the subsequently produced works. This is also applicable to a number of biographies I read in conjunction with my thesis.
The biographical account is rather broad and cursory, lasting for no more than pages.
Best Empress Eugenie of France images in | History:__cat__, Empire, Napoleon iii
On the other hand, and it is perhaps the fault of the editorial board rather than the writer, the endnotes are presented at the back of the book in a rather jumbled way rather than in a proper, scholarly manner. It would have been far easier to see if the thematic shifts at the center of this book unfolded in a more natural way- as they would have in her real life. Nov 13, Sandy rated it liked it. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers.
Eugenie: The Empress and Her Empire
To view it, click here. Eugenie was born in Spain and was formally educated in Paris while her Mother tried to find a influential husband for her. While Napoleon was nothing special to look at being Emperor was enough and she decided to employ the standard that had worked for Anne Boleyn-no intimate relations until there was a marriage. That did the trick and they were soon married.
Eugenie was very involved in politics in France including holding the regency during her husbands absences and also traveled through out the world on diplomatic missions including the opening of the Suez Canal. The Empress died in July , aged Mar 15, susan moore rated it really liked it. We tend to focus so much on our own History and revolutions and Civil War, that we forget that the rest of the the world has their own struggles and histories and revolutions, dark times and golden ages, etc.
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Although it tended to drag just a little in the middle and the cast of characters was a little confusing, I enjoyed this biography. May 20, Kerry rated it liked it Shelves: biography , royalty. This was a mediocre biography. The information was thorough, but the characters remained flat. Each chapter was a laundry list of what was done next whether it was especially interesting or not. I didn't feel drawn to Eugenie and didn't get a good grasp of who she was, what her relationship was like, or, despite the writer consistently reiterating them, her motivations.
The Bonaparte Women: Eugénie de Montijo (Part 2)
It seemed to be a lot of telling rather than showing. May 14, Charles rated it really liked it. Very detailed study of a fascinating woman. The reign of Napoleon III doesn't get much serious attention in the history books I have read, so I found this mostly-sympathetic treatment of Eugenie and her husband refreshing and informative. Eugenie:The Empress and her Empire This is a hard book to read, but if you love history you will learn from this impressive Empress!
I found myself often leaving the book to Google a certain place or painting, even her jewelry being described. I think this is a book that could have used more pictures because of this! I can't believe I'm saying that! Sep 27, Roger rated it did not like it. Stopped this gossipy "history" at page 32 after one too many of the authors' "knowing winks" disguised as insights. Still interested in Eugenie and the time period, but this was not the book for me. Worthwhile and interesting Worthwhile and interesting The author draws a compelling picture of French politics during this period.
The empress is a worthy subject and the story is told with empathy and compassion for a strong, intelligent woman unfairly judged. A very interesting lady I knew little about. Would have been a capable ruler in her own right. Sharon Clarke rated it really liked it Apr 14, Ashley rated it it was amazing Jul 17, Erin rated it liked it Jun 23, Curt Withrow rated it really liked it Mar 17, Lindsey Meridith rated it really liked it Feb 03, Rebecca Reiff rated it it was ok Aug 28, James rated it liked it Apr 02, Crystal rated it really liked it Jan 03, Judith rated it really liked it Mar 23, Living in England as exiles posed political and social challenges for the former Imperial family.
While many English were sympathetic to their plight, they were Catholics in a predominantly Protestant nation and some regarded them as a threat to the Third Republic in France, thus capable of destabilizing political relations between England and the new French regime. If the family hoped for a restoration of Napoleonic rule in France, those hopes were dashed by the deaths of Napoleon III in , following three operations to remove kidney stones, and the death of the Prince Imperial, Louis Napoleon, who was killed fighting in South Africa in Mary's Church at Chislehurst fig.
Perhaps they were brought together by her friend Ferdinand de Rothschild, a regular visitor to Camden Place and the patron of Waddesdon Manor, Destailleur's most significant secular commission in England fig. Bishop Danell, who led the Diocese of Southwark from to , wrote to the Rector of the English College in Rome the very day of Napoleon's death, pleading for guidance: I write in great haste to ask you to have the special kindness to obtain for me an answer to the following question "Can I—if invited as I suppose I shall be—officiate at his funeral?
Mary's Church, Chislehurst The iconography of the stained-glass window above this door reinforced the function of the addition as a place for personal devotions. These encircle a heart surrounded by flames and rays of light that contain the intertwined letters S and H, referring to the dedication of this space as the Sacred Heart chapel fig. Clockwise from the top, St.
John the Evangelist holds a poisoned chalice with a dragon in his right hand and palm leaf in his left; just as he survived this test of his faith, he triumphed over Satan. Louis, the patron saint of Paris, wears a crown and rests his hand on a sword. Henri IV holds a flag and bird in his right hand and a model of a church in his left.
He converted to Catholicism and, as king of France — , issued the Edict of Nantes , a decree promoting religious toleration directed specifically toward the acceptance of French Protestants. Archives Nationales, Paris. Joseph, to the right of the nave and directly across from his father's burial place. A plan from 31 July repositioned Louis's sarcophagus below an august dome fig. This version included two chapels on either side of the church's nave, as well as living quarters, a refectory, a cloister, and gardens for monks who would be charged with attending to the daily rites for the deceased fig.
It offered her the space and privacy she cherished, and the freedom required to undertake the commemorative monument she envisioned.
follow link Her involvement is evident through two sources: the day-to-day accounts kept by the Clerk of the Works, still preserved at St. Michael's, and the plans for the buildings and interior decorative schemes. Michael's Abbey, Farnborough Fig. She sent Queen Victoria a map of the land she had bought and wrote: "I think that if my dear child would have been able to see the site, he would have liked it. It's near the camp where he passed a period of time he liked to remember.
At Farnborough, however, she was free to pursue her desire to build a monument worthy of her husband's political achievements and the distinguished lineage of father and son. The only restriction would be her finances. The stylistic elements of the church, the late flamboyant Gothic design of the chapel raised above a Romanesque crypt, have already been thoroughly studied fig.
However, the connection of St. Michael's with the cathedral at Tours, which does not have such a prominent dome, is a less convincing comparison. The empress visited the construction site at St. Michael's regularly, however, the records of the Clerk of the Works are, for the most part, registers of expenses rather than an account of decisions made regarding design.
Nor is there any record that she transmitted her specific requests for adjustments to the church and priory directly to the builders.
But this does not mean that she was uninvolved. Her aspirations for a domed space at Chislehurst were transported to Farnborough and rendered even more grandly. She approved the design of a double-dome that Destailleur submitted on 4 August , a scheme that expanded on her preferred plan for Chislehurst fig.
The origin of the idea for St. Michael's dome stems from a long tradition of mausoleum design and may also have flowed from a desire to emulate the dome of Les Invalides, under which Napoleon I had been re-interred in Her conception of imperial iconography was reinforced by sculpted heraldry in the dome: Napoleon's coat of arms is placed in each of the four raised squinches and her own heraldic emblem appears in the nave arch fig. Lachaise and L. A flap on the drawing presenting alternative color schemes for the decorative patterning on the wall and vault shows that the choices were between blue and green or rose and red fig.
Since none of this painting was completed, however, we do not know which project she approved. Michael and the dragon above it, reinforcing the chapel's identification with the patron saint of France fig. And at great additional expense, Italian workers were engaged in the fall of to lay the stone floor of the chapel, which was designed after the tessellated pavement in Les Invalides.
She intended to use colors and symbols that reinforced French nationalism and Bonapartism within the sacred space of the chapel-mausoleum. Michael's Abbey remained strongly rooted in French visual culture. To this day, the mausoleum to her husband and son testifies to her strategic role as a visionary architectural patron in the creation of the sole major monument commemorating the Second Empire. Bibliography 1. The artist and date of this work were not recorded. See Geraghty Mary's Church, Chislehurst, with view towards Napoleon's mausoleum Fig. Joseph's chapel, St. Mary's Church, Chislehurst Fig.